Britain’s John Gurdon, Japan’s Shinya Yamanaka win Nobel prize in medicine


British researcher John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka of Japan won this year’s Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine on Monday for discovering that mature, specialized cells of the body can be reprogrammed into stem cells — a discovery that scientists hope to turn into new treatments.

Photo: An undated handout photo shows iPS cells derived from adult human dermal fibroblasts released by Kyoto University Professor Shinya Yamanaka. (Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University via Reuters)